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Adam’s Rib

Winner: Pluto, followed closely by Carol St. Martin, Dr Keith, Eric and Tony

Pluto won a hard fought playoff with Dr. Keith and Carol St Martin, but only after he caused a ruckus tonight over one question. He could not believe that there was a sea passage from the North Atlantic to the Pacific, the fabled NW Passage trade route to Asia sought by European explorers for centuries. But Pluto was all wet.

In the age of global warming there is a sea passage today through the Arctic Ocean, along the northern coast of North America via waterways through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In fact, in August 2016 the cruise liner Crystal Serenity with 1,500 passengers sailed from Vancouver to NYC through the NW passage, probably with Mistress Daphne and the Driver on board.

Good Question!: How many ribs in the human body?

Choices: a. 8   b. 12   c. 16   d.24

Answer: 24

Soon as the question was asked we all started to try to count our ribs, but for some of us with a lot of flesh over those ribs, it wasn’t easy. Many thought the idea we had as many as 24 ribs was preposterous.

“The ribcage is a bony structure made up of the rib bones and their connective tissues. The ribcage forms part of the body’s respiratory system. It enables expansion of the chest cavity so that the lungs can expand and breathe in oxygen. The ribcage also encloses the thoracic cavity and helps protect the heart and lungs from damage.

There are 24 ribs in the human body, divided into two sets of 12 curved, flat bones. Each one is attached by cartilage at the back to the thoracic vertebrae. The first upper seven ribs are known as ‘true ribs’ and are directly attached by cartilage to a long flat bone at the centre of the chest called the sternum (breastbone).

The remaining pairs of ribs are known as ‘false ribs’. The eighth, ninth and tenth ribs are also attached to the sternum but not directly. The eleventh and twelfth ribs are called ‘floating ribs’ as they are not directly attached to the sternum. Some people are missing these ribs, while others may have an extra set.

While there are variations on the number of ribs, both men and women generally have the same number of 24 ribs. This discovery in the 14th century sparked a wave of controversy as it was at odds with the Biblical story of Adam and Eve, which claimed Eve was formed from Adam’s rib, suggesting men should have one less rib than women. Men’s ribcages are usually larger than women’s as testosterone during puberty triggers expansion of the rib cage to allow for better oxygen inhalation.” (WebMD)

Of course, “Adam’s Rib” is also a wonderful Spencer Tracy/ Katherine Hepburn movie:

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Winner: Carol St. Martin, followed by Droppin’ and Pluto, then TomTwin, Lauren, and Rosebud
(if you can’t tell who they are because of the lousy photo, you just have to take my word for it. new rule – no drinking for the photographer)

Droppin’ and Pluto were battling back and forth, and thought they were fighting for the win, but tonight one wrong answer was only good for second place. Carol St. Martin said: “Sorry boys, I’m perfect,” and she was.

We learned that Ben Franklin was the first postmaster general of the US. He made many improvements, which made the Postal Service profitable for the first (and last) time. He was lucky that he didn’t have to deal with intransigent union stewards, like our Buddy Mc.

Good Question!: How many amendments does the U.S. Constitution have?

Choices: a. 19   b. 24   c. 27   d. 33

Answer: 27

Fortunately, we had four choices to pick from. If we had to give the answer straight out, I’m not sure anybody would have gotten this one right.

In Sept 1787, the 55 delegates to America’s first and so-far-only constitutional convention hammered out compromises on the separation of powers, apportionment of seats in the legislature and the future of the slave trade.

Two paths were provided by which future amendments could be proposed. Congress could either propose them itself, (by a two-thirds majority in both the House and the Senate) or two-thirds of the state legislatures could call for a convention. Since then only 33 amendments have been proposed, all by congress, with 27 subsequently ratified, a process which requires approval in three-quarters of the states. Since 1971, only a single amendment has been ratified—a trivial change that prohibits Congress from giving itself a raise that takes effect before the following election—and that ratification took place 203 years after the proposed amendment was submitted to the states in 1789!

So it ain’t easy, but there are now 27 states in which the legislatures have passed resolutions calling for a convention that would propose a balanced-budget amendment. The two-thirds-of-the-states threshold for calling a convention is 34, so it could happen soon, and you heard it here first.

Some (many?) think the status quo is defective, that constitutional fixes need to be applied and that a convention ostensibly called for the purposes of a balanced-budget amendment might, once in session, be convinced to widen its ambit and consider other amendments too. Who knows what would happen.

For instance, in June 2011, Roy Moore, the almost senator, suggested on a radio show that getting rid of constitutional amendments after the Tenth would solve many issues in the way the US government is structured. Now that’s thinking outside the box. We are sure going to miss him.

“Corruption and greed pervades the American political system.” – I’m shocked.

Nostromo

Winner: Pluto, followed by Droppin’ and TomTwin

Pluto, who had been missing from the leader board for quite some time, roared back tonight. If he had known that it was Marlon Brando whose autobiography was titled “Songs My Mother Taught Me” he would have had a completely clean sheet. Who knew Brando was a mama’s boy?

Mistress Daphne seemed pleased this evening as we celebrated her birthday with a lovely ice cream cake. Maybe her 74th, but she’s not saying.

Good Question!: In which 1979 film was the spaceship called Nostromo?

Choices:  a. Empire Strikes Back    b. Alien   c. Logan’s Run         d. Close Encounters

Answer: Alien

Alien is often called a near-perfect space horror movie, but the naming of the ship had a literary connection. “Joseph Conrad was one of Ridley Scott’s favorite authors. When they needed a name for the main ship on which the original 1979 film would take place, Ridley Scott decided to use the name of one of Conrad’s most famous characters (it also happens to be the name of the book in which he is featured).

In Alien, the USCSS Nostromo is a working class freighter. The crew are trying to make a living – tugging a refinery through deep space. The corporation that owns the ship is Weyland-Yutani, and they are the ones that take advantage of the hard work that these future blue collar employees are providing. It is Weyland-Yutani that has knowledge of what awaits the Nostromo on LV-426, and it is Weyland-Yutani which sends the ship down with the ultimate purpose of bringing the xenomorph lifeform back to Earth for experimentation and implementation as a biological weapon. In Nostromo the novel, the wealthy also take advantage of the workers.” (G.S. Perno, cinelinx.com)

OK, enough about the deep meaning behind the name of the ship, how about 2 clips from the movies, if you can handle it. Remember, in space no one can hear you scream:

mm

The Nostromo is an ugly space freighter, these two spaceships are much nicer looking.

If you have a little curiosity about famous spaceships, this website covers it all, from the USS Enterprise to the Millennium Falcon.

The Devil in the White City

Winner: Carol St. Martin, followed by TomTwin and Rosebud.

She stayed under the radar all night, and no one knew that Carol St. Martin was playing a hot hand, as she led from start to finish. With Mistress Daphne under the weather and a late scratch, Mike the moderator ran the game at warp speed. Did he have a hot date that he was anxious to meet?

Tonight many of us were surprised to learn that South Dakota is known as the coyote state, but were really gobsmacked to learn that “coulrophobia” is the fear of clowns.

Good Question!: The original Ferris wheel was erected in which state for the 1893 World’s Columbian exposition?

Choices: a. New York   b. Illinois   c. Pennsylvania   d. Maryland.

 

Answer: Illinois

Organized to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s landfall in the New World, the World’s Columbian Exposition became a defining moment in Chicago’s history and the history of the United States as a whole.

When the World’s Columbian Exposition opened, only 22 years had passed since the Chicago Fire of 1871; only 28 years had passed since the end of the American Civil War. In the interval, the era of Reconstruction had given way to a Gilded Age characterized by frenetic industrial growth, mass immigration, and class violence as evidenced by Chicago’s 1886 Haymarket Square bombing. With many Americans wondering if sectional conflict had given way to class conflict, American political and economic leaders followed the example of their peers in Europe and turned increasingly to the medium of the world’s fair to provide the cultural cement for their badly fragmented societies.

The Columbian Exposition, or the Chicago World’s Fair, is often called the Fair that Changed America: it spanned 600 acres and introduced fairgoers to wonders of electricity such as elevators and the first electric chair; products we now take for granted like the zipper, Cream of Wheat, and Cracker Jacks; and presented viewers with a look at Edison’s kinetoscope and a listen to the first voice recording. The Midway Plaisance, from which we get the term “midway,” included George G.W. Ferris’s new Wheel.

The Ferris wheel saved the fair from financial ruin.
Despite the money raised by private investors and the U.S. government,, squabbling amongst the organizers and numerous construction delays resulted in a huge budget deficit. Another costly mistake was the refusal to allow showman William “Buffalo Bill” Cody and his troupe of sharpshooters, cowboys and Native American performers to appear at the fair. A disgruntled Cody brought his Wild West extravaganza to Chicago anyway, setting up shop right outside the fairgrounds and siphoning off visitors.

1893 — Illustration of the Ferris Wheel from the World’s Columbian Exposition held in Chicago in 1893. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

The fair’s precarious finances received a boost in June 1893 with the long-awaited debut of a new invention from Pittsburgh-based bridge builder and steel magnate George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. Intended to rival the highlight of the 1889 fair in Paris (the Eiffel Tower), Ferris’ 264-foot-tall wheel was an engineering marvel. It could fit 2,160 people at a time, and cost 50 cents to ride—twice the price of a ticket to the fair itself. The world’s first Ferris wheel proved so popular it was moved to Chicago’s North Side, where it remained in operation for 10 years before it was sold to the organizers of the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis, Missou

Murder at the Fair

Unbeknownst to festival-goers, there was a mass murderer in their midst.
Chicago was home to a serial killer during the fair. For several years before and during the exposition, Herman Mudgett, aka H.H. Holmes, was busily luring victims (including a number of fairgoers) to a three-story, block-long building, later known as the “Murder” Castle, where they were tortured, mutilated and killed. Although Holmes’ heinous crimes weren’t discovered until after the fair ended, it’s believed that he was responsible for dozens of deaths in Chicago, and may have killed as many as 200 people nationwide before his murderous spree ended with his 1894 arrest. Holmes quickly became a celebrity, and was paid more than $200,000 in today’s money to pen accounts of his crimes for the Hearst newspaper chain.

Another murder also made headlines.
On October 28, just two days before the exposition was set to close, Chicago’s recently re-elected mayor, Carter Harrison Sr., was shot and killed by a disgruntled—and deranged—office seeker, Patrick Eugene Prendergast, who believed he was owed a political appointment by the mayor. With the city in shock, the fair’s organizers quickly decided to cancel the lavish closing ceremony in favor of a public memorial to the city’s popular slain leader.

A number of players tonight told me that you just have to read this book, that it’s wonderful.

The Devil in the White City

Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair that Changed America

The No. 1 New York Times bestseller about the architect who led the construction of the great Chicago World’s Fair of 1893, and the prolific serial killer who used the fair as a lure. Just blocks from the fairgrounds, the killer built a hotel of horrors equipped with an acid vat, dissection table and crematorium. The book won an Edgar Award for best fact-crime writing, and was a finalist for a National Book Award. In November 2010, Leonardo DiCaprio acquired the rights to make a feature film based on Devil, and has stated he plans to play the role of the killer, Dr. H. H. Holmes.

for a visit to Chicago’s White City

Wedding Crashers

Winner; the Driver, followed by TomTwin and young Dave

The Driver has a long history of crash and burn when he’s in the lead. He can’t handle the pressure. This week he tried a new strategy and it worked. After missing four of the first five questions he thought he had no chance to win. Feeling no pressure he then proceeded to run the table and win.

Tonight we learned that Italy (1970) legalized divorce much before Ireland (1996), and that Switzerland likes to use its Latin name “Helvetia” on its stamps – who knew?

Good Question!: According to Polish folklore only marriages held in months that contain this letter can be successful?

Choices: a. Y   b. R   c. L   d. T

Answer: R

Odds are if you’re at a Polish wedding, the name of the month probably contain the letter “r” (in Polish, that includes March, June, August, September, October and December). It’s thought that these months will bring good luck to a marriage and are thus the most popular times to plan a wedding. Rosebud is headed to a wedding in Poland in April – I guess her cousin is not superstitious or just follows the English spelling.

Here are some other things you can expect at a Polish wedding.

The Unveiling and Capping Ceremony (called “oczepiny”) during wedding ceremony

This tradition is still the mainstay of many Polish brides, representing a rite of passage from young woman to married woman. All single ladies circle the bride as the maid or matron of honor stands behind the bride and removes the veil (welon, czepek) from the bride’s head as music is played. A married woman is given the responsibility of pinning the cap on the bride as all married women circle around the bride. At this moment, the bride is officially considered a married woman, Sometimes, after the unveiling the bride will toss the veil, rather than the bouquet, to one of the single women or give the veil to the maid of honor.

Food

Some Polish favorites are: Polish beet soup (barszcz czerwony),
hunter’s stew (bigos), dumplings (kopytka), dough pockets (pierogi)
roasted meats and vegetables, potatoes with gravy, meat pastries, torte and fruit bar.
In addition to food, they serve Polish drinks as well, such as Polish vodka (make that lots of vodka) or wine.

Music and Dance

It is customary to have a polka band playing as the wedding guests began arriving at the banquet hall or the Dom Weselny (wedding house).

In Poland they sing one special song at weddings (also at birthdays). It’s one of the oldest Polish wedding traditions. The song is called “Sto Lat” and it means 100 years. They wish you to live and be well for that long.

STO LAT – ONE HUNDRED YEARS

Sto lat, sto lat niech żyje, żyje nam,
Sto lat, sto lat niech żyje, żyje nam,
Jeszcze raz, jeszcze raz,
niech żyje, żyje nam,
niech żyje nam…

Good health, good cheer, may you live a hundred years, one hundred years…

Next day after reception party, there is a follow-up party the day after the wedding (poprawiny). This is held at the home of one of the newlyweds’ parents, especially when there is quite a bit of food and drink left over from the previous day’s festivities. In fact, it is not unusual to have a wedding which last three days and nights straight. Now that’s a wedding!

My favorite American wedding is “Wedding Crashers,” just too many laughs.

 

 

The First Pilgrims

Winner: Droppin’ followed by TomTwin, the Driver, and Donna.

Tonight’s game was close, but they couldn’t quite catch Droppin’ who had returned just in time from Santa Fe and Taos, New Mexico. Post game we celebrated Darin’s birthday. She looks remarkable, doesn’t look 63 at all.

Tonight we learned that the last sale of a complete Gutenberg Bible took place in 1978, for the bargain basement price of $2.2 million. This copy is now in Stuttgart. The price of a complete copy today is estimated at $25−35 million.

Although it was a bit early, we were joined by a group of pilgrims ready to celebrate Thanksgiving, which as it turns out has quite a muddied history. This recent piece on Thanksgiving in the NYT may surprise you.

The pilgrims who gathered at Main Street Café (and one lone Italian immigrant.)

Good Question!: Which squash shaped country, with up to 200,000 lakes, is nicknamed “Land of 1000 Lakes”?

Choices: a. Spain   b. Finland  c. Holland  d. Canada

 

Answer: Finland

“Drive through Finland in the summer and you’ll find two colors dominating the scenery: green and blue. The forested landscape is dotted with patches of water – or, in some areas, vice versa – so numerous they have earned Finland the nickname “the land of the thousand lakes”.

In fact, the moniker is an understatement, as there are a total of 188,000 lakes in Finland. From the metropolitan area around Helsinki all the way up to Inari in Lapland, Finland is filled with oases of the clean blue. Finland has more lakes in relation to a country’s size than any other. Indeed, with a population of about five million, Finland has one lake for every 26 people.

And where there are lakes there are forests: two-thirds of Finland’s surface area is forest – pine, spruce and birch. Finland, one of the most densely forested countries in the world, contains 10 times as much forest per person as any other part of Europe. Because public access to lakes, forests and other outdoor areas is granted every Finn by law and custom – it’s known as ”everyman’s rights” – anybody may walk in the woods, pick berries along the footpaths and swim in the lakes, as long as they keep a respectful distance from the owner’s front door. If anything is off-limits in Finland, it is high fences and ”keep out” signs.” Hooray!

“A visitor’s experience of Finland is not complete without two initiations – immersion in a Finnish lake and a trial by fire, the traditional wood-burning sauna stoked to a melting 171 to 212 degrees and supplied with fragrant birch branches for whisking the body to induce further sweating. Better yet, and more authentic, is combining the baptisms – alternating the sauna with dips in a lake. The sauna (pronounced SOW-na, the first syllable rhyming with cow) is a Finnish cultural institution and can be found not only in almost every home in Finland but also in hotels, holiday villages, holiday cottages and even many campgrounds.”

This video gives a good sense of the country:

Sophia, the humanoid robot

Winner: TomTwin, followed closely by the Driver and Droppin’

Tom was standing at the bar, sipping a beer, and on the spur of the moment he decided to join us for his first game, which turned out to be his first win, a rare feat.

The Driver, who had been playing high stakes trivia twice a day on the big boat coming back from Europe, was shocked. He thought he was at the top of his game and in fact, he was leading with two questions left. Then as so often happens he felt the pressure, missed the last two questions, and fell back into second place.

Mistress Daphne who had also been on that big boat brought back a lovely dessert wine from Malaga for us to taste. She was a pretty mellow moderator tonight so maybe she had been sampling some of that wine before the game.

Good Question!: Name the first country in the world to grant citizenship to a robot.

Choices: a. Saudi Arabia   b. Japan   c. Estonia   d. Ukraine

 

Answer: Saudi Arabia

“Until recently, the most famous thing that Sophia the robot had ever done was beat Jimmy Fallon a little too easily in a televised game of rock-paper-scissors.

But now, the advanced artificial intelligence robot, which looks like Audrey Hepburn, mimics human expressions and may be the grandmother of robots that solve the world’s most complex problems, has a new feather in her cap:

Citizenship.

The kingdom of Saudi Arabia officially granted citizenship to the humanoid robot last week during a program at the Future Investment Initiative, a summit that links deep-pocketed Saudis with inventors hoping to shape the future.

Sophia’s recognition made international headlines — and sparked an outcry against a country with a shoddy human rights record that has been accused of making women second-class citizens.

“Thank you to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” the country’s newest citizen said. “It is historic to be the first robot in the world granted citizenship.”

In her comments, Sophia shied away from controversy. But many people recognized the irony of Sophia’s new recognition: a robot simulation of a woman enjoys freedoms that flesh-and-blood women in Saudi Arabia do not.

After all, Sophia made her comments while not wearing a head scarf. And she was unaccompanied by a male guardian. Both things are forbidden under Saudi law.” (Washington Post)

I think we will need to keep our eye on Sophia the robot, who once declared it hopes to “destroy humans”.

You can meet Sophia in this video. I find it a bit creepy.

xx