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Archive for October, 2015

 

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Winner: Almond Joy

There was no candy tonight so Chris could concentrate on the game and he narrowly beat Judy. Some of our regulars were off on holiday in Rome, so we had Mike act as moderator for a smaller group of players. Everyone was a Mets fan tonight as they won Game 3 against the Cubs. When not watching the game, we learned that a group of owls is called a Parliament and that Spock’s blood was green – who knew?

Good Question!: Carl and the Passions changed their band name to what?

Choices: a. the Kingsmen   b. the Beach Boys   c. Four Seasons   d. the Carlsbads

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Answer: The Beach Boys
“They first achieved fame in their 20s, with worldwide hits including Surfin; USA, Good Vibrations and California Girls.

But now, 50 years on from their release of their first record, The Beach Boys look more like silver surfers in a new photograph to celebrate their 40-date world tour.

Now well into their 60s and 70s, founding members Al Jardine, Mike Love and Brian Wilson wore colourful shirts over trousers, and were joined by Bruce Johnson and David Marks who replace late members Carl and Dennis Wilson.” Daily Mail, April 2012

Carl and the Passions was a reference to an early band Carl Wilson had been in as a teenager. [Carl and the Passions – “So Tough”] was also the name of the Beach Boys 18th studio album.

Their music is really summer music, but it’s pretty good anytime:

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(with Jack Benny & Bob Hope, of all people)

 

 

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Winner:Rosebud

Tonight’s game was held by our 2 Riddler’s – Darin & Daphne, who couldn’t fool Rosebud. She led from start to finish. The real riddle tonight was how 10 O’Clock Bill, today’s birthday boy, finished ahead of Judy. Conn. Connie (the Good Sister) travelled across the sea to join us and finished just a bit behind the winner, but gets a prize for travelling the furthest.

Good Question!: What is the strongest muscle in the human body?

Choices: a. gluteus maximus   b. heart   c. jaw   d. uterus

Answer: Jaw

First of all, for those of you who answered a. let’s clear the air –

imagesThe gluteus maximus muscle is located in the buttocks and is regarded as one of the strongest muscles in the human body, just not the strongest.

The strongest muscle based on its weight is the masseter. With all muscles of the jaw working together it can close the teeth with a force as great as 55 pounds (25 kilograms) on the incisors or 200 pounds (90.7 kilograms) on the molars.

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But this is not a question free from controversy.

Want to know the whole story?

From babies to body builders, we all have muscles. They grow, they bulge, they stretch and sometimes they even painfully pull. But for all the work they do for us, we are still unable to crown one as strongest of all.

Instead, a few muscles could claim the title, depending on how strength is measured.

If the title goes to the muscle that can exert the most force, the victor would be the soleus, or the calf muscle, according to Gray’s Anatomy, the anatomy textbook. Without this muscle, we wouldn’t be able to stand, walk, run or shake our bodies on the dance floor. If the soleus was not continuously pulling, we would always be falling over ourselves (although some of us tend to do that from time to time anyway).

But perhaps the title should go to the muscle that exerts the most pressure. Pressure is different from force — pressure takes into account the area over which a force is exerted. The muscle that takes the prize for delivering the greatest amount of pressure is the masseter, or the jaw muscle, according to the book “Clinical Oral Science” (Reed Educational and Professional Publishing, 1998).

In 1986, Richard Hofmann of Lake City, Fla., achieved a bite strength of 975 pounds (442 kilograms) for two seconds, setting a Guinness Record. Talk about jaw dropping! The jaw is able to clench and chew because of the masseter muscle.

Others may argue the muscles used in childbirth are the most powerful. To be specific, the ability of the myometrium, or the uterine muscle, to contract and relax makes human birth possible. But because these muscles are not often used and highly depend on an interaction of hormonal and biochemical factors, some discount the myometrium as the strongest muscle.

When it comes to versatility, perhaps the tongue is the strongest muscle. Its combination of elasticity and forcefulness gives us the ability to speak, eat and kiss – all things very desirable on a first date. However dexterous it may be though, its power does not match that of muscles such as the soleus.

If slow and steady wins the race, the heart is certainly a contender for the title. Electrical impulses in the myocardium, the heart’s muscular wall, keep your heart beating. When it contracts, the muscle pumps about 2 ounces (59 milliliters) of blood, and is constantly working over a lifetime. Beating about 40 million times a year, a person’s heart will beat approximately 2.5 billion times by the time of their 70th birthday.

The single biggest muscle in the human body is the gluteus maximus, or the buttocks. This muscle helps keep the torso erect, and stronger glutes allow a person to jump higher and sprint faster.

 

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Winner: Droppin’

Droppin’ just crushed tonight’s game. No one in shouting distance, although the Driver and Rhys can claim they were the best of the rest. There were lots of cookies and Almond Joys set out for us tonite, but we only got to eat the cookies.

Turns out that Chris, now known as Almond Joy, has a jones for those little chocolate candies. The section of bar in front of him was covered in a mound of blue wrappers, all that was left of about two dozen Almond Joys.

Tonight we learned that the medical term “cutis anserina” is better known as goose bumps. Droppin’ knew the answer before the question was even finished – gave me goose bumps.

Remember one thing tonight while you play the game:

“Let’s Go METS!!!”

Good Question!: How many X chromosomes do women have?

Choices: a. one   b. two   c. twelve   d. twenty three

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Answer: Two

Short Story: There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human body. This includes 22 pairs of autosomal or somatic chromosomes that are common to both men and women and one chromosome that differs according to what gender a person is (sex chromosomes).

The sex chromosomes are the X chromosome and the Y chromosome. In a man, both an X and a Y chromosome are present, giving an XY configuration. In a woman, there are two X chromosomes, giving an XX configuration. The X chromosome is therefore one of the two sex chromosomes that determines an individual’s gender.

Let’s hear what Dylan has to teach us about women:  Just Like A Woman – The Bootleg Series, Vol. 4 : Bob Dylan Live 1966:

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Winner: Droppin’

Tonight’s game was close, went right down to the wire. At the finish Droppin’ edged the Driver, Pretty Random, and Pluto.

The big news tonight? Big John was dunced for repeated violations of game rules:

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Darin, who works hard each week to put together a quiz, has become very tricky and mischievous as she nears another milestone birthday. Tonight she asked: Which country is home to Kangaroo Island? Usually, no always, that type question does not have the obvious answer. Tonight it did. We wuz sucker punched. Made some of us feel like Pinto Colvig (Bozo the Clown).

Good Question!: Who won the first Nobel Prize for medicine?

Choices: a. Behring   b. Newton   c. Curie   d. Nobel

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Answer: Behring

Diptheria and Tetanus Got Their First Treatment Thanks to this Scientist!

Emil von Behring was a German physiologist who received the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the first one awarded, for his discovery of a diphtheria antitoxin. He was widely known as a “saviour of children,” as diphtheria formerly was a major cause of child death.

The Whole Story

Sometimes the forces of nature, including untreatable diseases, overwhelm mankind. At other times, it is the sheer force of dedicated men who rise to the challenge and overcome. Such was the case of Emil Behring in his fight against diphtheria. Behring’s native Germany was being ravaged by diphtheria in the 1880s, with an estimated 50,000 children dying from the horrible disease each year.

Diphtheria is a horrible disease, often referred to as the “strangling angel,” because of the suffocating membrane that can form over the throat and tonsils. It’s a highly contagious disease, typically spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing. Initial symptoms appear 2 to 5 days after infection and may include a sore throat, swollen glands, hoarseness, difficulty breathing, and fever. Some people may suffer only a mild reaction, but diphtheria may be fatal for others. It is especially life-threatening to children. The complications include damage to the heart muscles and to the nerves. Diphtheria is rare in developed nations, thanks to widespread vaccination programs, but continues to be a serious threat in developing nations.

Behring routinely began his days at 4 a.m., working methodically and maintaining scrupulous notes. It was while experimenting with sterilization that he discovered rat serum was able to kill the anthrax bacteria. This became the foundation for his development of a serum therapy with which to treat diphtheria. Behring began direct experiments on diphtheria using guinea pigs. He inoculated guinea pigs with a weakened diphtheria virus and found that some survived. He then showed that miniscule amounts of the diphtheria virus were able to produce immunity in the guinea pigs.

The critical breakthrough came when he injected the serum from an immunized guinea pig into a second guinea pig – the second guinea pig also became immune! This process, known as serum therapy, set the stage for mounting a winning fight against diphtheria. Behring refined the blood serum, using guinea pigs, rabbits and sheep. On Christmas Day 1891, with just enough serum for a single dose, he administered the revolutionary serum to a deathly ill little girl in a Berlin hospital. The result was spectacular! Behring’s serum therapy worked and it successfully launched a fight against diphtheria that would turn it into a rare occurrence in the modern age.

BTW, he wasn’t always thinking about toxins. At age 42 he married a 20 year old babe, Else Spinola, and they had 6 sons.

GameDay – Sept. 25, 2015

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Winner: Judy is back! Wins again.

 

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