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Archive for December, 2019

Winner: EricaS, then Judge Judy, Droppin’, Nancy, and Almond Joy

Erica played a quiet game in the back, then surprised us with the win. Always nice when we have a newbie as a winner.

Main Street Cafe is decorated for the holidays, getting ready for the big night of Christmas Carols on Tuesday, Dec. 17.

Good Question: Which of these is toxic if eaten raw?

Choices: a. ugli fruit  b. yams   c. watercress   d. asparagus

Answer: ugli fruit

Most of us were sure that “ugli fruit” was a made-up name. Yet most of us had eaten yams, watercress, and asparagus raw without any ill affects so the answer had to be ugli fruit, right. Well, many of us still couldn’t go there for the answer.

Just what is an ugli fruit?

The Jamaican tangelo, also known by proprietary names ugli /ˈʌɡli/ fruit, uglifruit, and uniq fruit, is a citrus fruit that arose on the island of Jamaica through the natural hybridization of a tangerine or orange with a grapefruit (or pomelo), and is thus a tangelo.

This tangelo was a natural hybrid, having arisen spontaneously like the grapefruit, in Jamaica, where it is mainly grown today.[‘UGLI’ is a registered trademark of Cabel Hall Citrus Limited, under which it markets the fruit, the name being a variation of the word “ugly”, which refers to the fruit’s unsightly appearance, with rough, wrinkled, greenish-yellow rind, wrapped loosely around the orange pulpy citrus inside.

So be careful of those tangelos.

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Winner: Tom Twin, followed closely by Rosebud, then a posse – Nick, Keith, Tall Paul, and Almond Joy.

Last week he was oh, so close. This week Tom finished on top and won the Shiner Bock. Maybe because he was the only one who knew how many people world wide are born each year – 134 million.

Good Question!: Who invented the thermometer in 1593?

Choice’s: a. da Vinci   b. Galileo  c. Franklin   d. Nobel

Answer: Galileo

Most of us were fooled here. We think of Galileo as the astronomer and da Vinci as the inventor.

History of Thermometers
(by Andrew Rubin)

“Hundreds of years ago scientists realized they could measure changes in temperature by using primitive glass devices filled with liquids that expanded when they were warm and contracted when they cooled. Alcohol and mercury were the liquids most commonly used.

Thermoscopes were the earliest types of thermometers and they only showed changes in temperature but didn’t show numerical values. One of the first thermoscopes was developed by Italian inventor, Galileo Galilei in 1593.It used water as the liquid and glass bulbs inside an open tube. The glass bulbs rose and fell with the changes in temperature.

The more modern thermometer was invented in 1709 by Daniel Fahrenheit. It was an enclosed glass tube that had a numerical scale, called the Fahrenheit scale. The early version of this thermometer contained alcohol and in 1714 Fahrenheit developed a mercury thermometer using the same scale.

The first real medical thermometer was invented by Sir Thomas Allbut in 1867. It was six inches long and took about five minutes to take a person’s temperature.

For almost a hundred years thermometers were basically unchanged. They contained alcohol or mercury and were considered to be very accurate. More modern thermometers were developed after World War II that used infrared technology and placed in the ear. They utilized tiny electrical circuits and numerical readouts that could measure temperature more quickly and with more precision than the liquid filled glass tubes. Today modern thermometers use some type of electrical sensors to measure temperature but the same numerical scales developed in the 1700’s by Fahrenheit and Celsius are still being used.”

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Why does the Fahrenheit scale use 32 degrees as a freezing point?

Daniel Fahrenheit did not use the freezing point of water as a basis for developing his scale. He called the temperature of an ice/salt/water mixture ‘zero degrees’, as this was the lowest temperature he could conveniently attain in his lab. He called his own body temperature ’96 degrees’, and then divided the scale into single degrees between 0 and 96. On this scale, the freezing point of pure water happens to occur at 32 (and the boiling point at 212).

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Body Temperature and Determination of the Time of Death

Determining the time of death is both an art and a science and requires that the medical examiner use several techniques and observations to make his estimate. As a general rule, the sooner after death the body is examined, the more accurate this estimate will be.To help with his estimation, the ME utilizes various observations and tests, including: Body temperature

By far the most accurate reading of a body temperature is the one that can be taken rectally. Although is not the most pleasant of ways in which to read someone’s temperature it is the most accurate in relation to the body’s core temperature and for this reason it is normally the most used method of determining the temperature of the decease when they are examined at the scene of a crime.

Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. After death, the body loses or gains heat progressively until it equilibrates with that of the surrounding medium. Since corpse temperature can be easily and quickly obtained, the search for a formula that uses this parameter to define the time of death has been sought for years. The current formula for heat loss is 1.5 degree per hour.

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Then of course there is “Body Heat” the movie.

 

 

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