Posts Tagged ‘tuesday night bar exam’

Winner: Pluto, then Rosebud, Carol St.Martin, and Maureen

Pluto and Rosebud finished 1-2 in their last game before they head to Florida. They are going to see if the weather is as warm down there, as it has been up here.

Tonight’s theme was Mardi Gras and Darin helped us honor our fave Nawlins girl Rhys’ memory with some King cake.

Good Question!: During Mardi Gras what do the gold colored beads symbolize?

Choices: a. power.  b. justice.  c. faith.  d. lust

Answer: power

“Throw me something, mister!”

Mardi Gras throws are strings of beads, doubloons, cups, or other trinkets passed out or thrown from the floats in the New Orleans Mardi Gras, to spectators lining the streets.

The ‘throws’, consist of necklaces of plastic beads, coins called doubloons, which are stamped with krewes’ logos, parade themes and the year, plus an array of plastic cups and toys including LED trinkets, more recently.

Beads used on Mardis Gras (known as Shrove Tuesday in some regions) are gold, purple and green, with these three colors containing the Christian symbolism of power, justice and faith, respectively. Traditionally, Mardis Gras beads were manufactured in Japan and Czech Republic, although many are now imported from mainland China. 

Spectators have traditionally shouted to the krewe members, “Throw me something, mister!”, a phrase that is iconic in New Orleans’ Mardi Gras street argot. Some women expose their breasts to invite throws in the French Quarter, although this is not required or even classed as a true Mardi Gras tradition, it is however quite common during French Quarter parades.

National Geographic has a wonderful all things Mardi Gras video (only 5 min.):


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Winner: EricaS, then Judge Judy, Droppin’, Nancy, and Almond Joy

Erica played a quiet game in the back, then surprised us with the win. Always nice when we have a newbie as a winner.

Main Street Cafe is decorated for the holidays, getting ready for the big night of Christmas Carols on Tuesday, Dec. 17.

Good Question: Which of these is toxic if eaten raw?

Choices: a. ugli fruit  b. yams   c. watercress   d. asparagus

Answer: ugli fruit

Most of us were sure that “ugli fruit” was a made-up name. Yet most of us had eaten yams, watercress, and asparagus raw without any ill affects so the answer had to be ugli fruit, right. Well, many of us still couldn’t go there for the answer.

Just what is an ugli fruit?

The Jamaican tangelo, also known by proprietary names ugli /ˈʌɡli/ fruit, uglifruit, and uniq fruit, is a citrus fruit that arose on the island of Jamaica through the natural hybridization of a tangerine or orange with a grapefruit (or pomelo), and is thus a tangelo.

This tangelo was a natural hybrid, having arisen spontaneously like the grapefruit, in Jamaica, where it is mainly grown today.[‘UGLI’ is a registered trademark of Cabel Hall Citrus Limited, under which it markets the fruit, the name being a variation of the word “ugly”, which refers to the fruit’s unsightly appearance, with rough, wrinkled, greenish-yellow rind, wrapped loosely around the orange pulpy citrus inside.

So be careful of those tangelos.

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Winner: Tom Twin, followed closely by Rosebud, then a posse – Nick, Keith, Tall Paul, and Almond Joy.

Last week he was oh, so close. This week Tom finished on top and won the Shiner Bock. Maybe because he was the only one who knew how many people world wide are born each year – 134 million.

Good Question!: Who invented the thermometer in 1593?

Choice’s: a. da Vinci   b. Galileo  c. Franklin   d. Nobel

Answer: Galileo

Most of us were fooled here. We think of Galileo as the astronomer and da Vinci as the inventor.

History of Thermometers
(by Andrew Rubin)

“Hundreds of years ago scientists realized they could measure changes in temperature by using primitive glass devices filled with liquids that expanded when they were warm and contracted when they cooled. Alcohol and mercury were the liquids most commonly used.

Thermoscopes were the earliest types of thermometers and they only showed changes in temperature but didn’t show numerical values. One of the first thermoscopes was developed by Italian inventor, Galileo Galilei in 1593.It used water as the liquid and glass bulbs inside an open tube. The glass bulbs rose and fell with the changes in temperature.

The more modern thermometer was invented in 1709 by Daniel Fahrenheit. It was an enclosed glass tube that had a numerical scale, called the Fahrenheit scale. The early version of this thermometer contained alcohol and in 1714 Fahrenheit developed a mercury thermometer using the same scale.

The first real medical thermometer was invented by Sir Thomas Allbut in 1867. It was six inches long and took about five minutes to take a person’s temperature.

For almost a hundred years thermometers were basically unchanged. They contained alcohol or mercury and were considered to be very accurate. More modern thermometers were developed after World War II that used infrared technology and placed in the ear. They utilized tiny electrical circuits and numerical readouts that could measure temperature more quickly and with more precision than the liquid filled glass tubes. Today modern thermometers use some type of electrical sensors to measure temperature but the same numerical scales developed in the 1700’s by Fahrenheit and Celsius are still being used.”


Why does the Fahrenheit scale use 32 degrees as a freezing point?

Daniel Fahrenheit did not use the freezing point of water as a basis for developing his scale. He called the temperature of an ice/salt/water mixture ‘zero degrees’, as this was the lowest temperature he could conveniently attain in his lab. He called his own body temperature ’96 degrees’, and then divided the scale into single degrees between 0 and 96. On this scale, the freezing point of pure water happens to occur at 32 (and the boiling point at 212).


Body Temperature and Determination of the Time of Death

Determining the time of death is both an art and a science and requires that the medical examiner use several techniques and observations to make his estimate. As a general rule, the sooner after death the body is examined, the more accurate this estimate will be.To help with his estimation, the ME utilizes various observations and tests, including: Body temperature

By far the most accurate reading of a body temperature is the one that can be taken rectally. Although is not the most pleasant of ways in which to read someone’s temperature it is the most accurate in relation to the body’s core temperature and for this reason it is normally the most used method of determining the temperature of the decease when they are examined at the scene of a crime.

Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. After death, the body loses or gains heat progressively until it equilibrates with that of the surrounding medium. Since corpse temperature can be easily and quickly obtained, the search for a formula that uses this parameter to define the time of death has been sought for years. The current formula for heat loss is 1.5 degree per hour.


Then of course there is “Body Heat” the movie.



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Winner: Shields, then Pluto, Tall Paul & Sheilah

There was a lot riding on this game. Good thing Shields won. Had she not won, she might have had to return her PhD.

Bit of chaos tonight. We had a new moderator, a new scoring system, and not nearly enough answer sheets to go around.

With Mistress Daphne, moderator Mike, and Tiffany unavailable, we went deep to the bench and asked Chenzie to moderate the game – she did a fine job. To make things a bit easier for her we went to the honor system with each player keeping their own score – it seemed to work. Moderator Mike has promised to return from the canyons in Utah to moderate next week’s game.

Good Question!: From which type of flower does a vanilla pod come?

Choices: a. vanilla   b. orchid    c. heather   d. lily

Answer: orchid

I have seen a lot of orchids, but I’ve never noticed any vanilla pods in there.

The orchid family is a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant.

They are one of the two largest families of flowering plants, with about 28,000 currently accepted species. Who counts these plants?

The family encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants and includes Vanilla, the genus of the vanilla plant. Since the introduction of tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.
We are just drowning in orchids.

What about vanilla?

Vanilla, the vanilla orchids, forms a flowering plant genus of about 110 species in the orchid family. The most widely known member is the flat-leaved vanilla, native to Mexico, from which commercial vanilla flavoring is derived. It is the only orchid widely used for industrial purposes in flavoring such products as foods, beverages and cosmetics, and is recognized as the most popular aroma and flavor. The key constituent imparting its popular characteristics is the phenolic aldehyde, vanillin.

Good advice here on How To Use a Vanilla Bean


Here is even more of what you need to know about vanilla in the store.

Vanilla Versus Vanillin

“I’m sure most of you have bought vanilla extract at the store and not thought too much about it. Vanilla is vanilla, right? While many people might not think it matters, the differences in true vanilla and vanillin (or fake vanilla) may be of interest to you when you find out the facts.

Vanilla bean pods grow in areas such as Madagascar and Tahiti, The beans are left to dry in the sun and cured, which is when their flavor develops. Vanilla is a natural aphrodisiac and a good source of B vitamins. Vanilla beans are usually soaked with a liquid medium such as alcohol or glycerin (a food-based sweet liquid) for a certain number of weeks to produce vanilla extract.

Vanillin, on the other hand, is what you’ll find in cheap extracts at the store that are also called “imitation vanilla”. Imitation vanilla may also be called “vanilla flavor”, and is often combined with sugar, corn syrup, or a similar low-quality sweetener to make the product taste better. It’s chemically produced to mimic the taste of vanilla but is not however, true vanilla.

Then there’s the price and the flavor. Real vanilla is always worth a few extra dollars, and you’ll likely notice it on the price tag. If a vanilla product you’re buying is extremely cheap, most likely it’s not real vanilla. Real vanilla also has a deep, complex flavor, not an overly sweet taste. Real vanilla has an almost smokey flavor with a depth that cheap vanilla simply can’t replace.

For the best vanilla products, choose alcohol-free extracts that are organic and have no added sugar. Vanilla extract, vanilla beans, and vanilla bean powder are all excellent to add to a variety of foods like healthy “milkshakes”, cupcakes, smoothies, oatmeal, and pie. Just be sure you’re choosing the highest quality so you get your money’s worth and aren’t spending your hard earned dollars on chemicals and sugar.”



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Winner: Pluto, then Tall Paul and Nick, then Rosebud and Eva

Pluto won even though he still hasn’t figured out why Nebraska, whose college footbball team is called the Cornhuskers, is known as the Beef State. Makes no sense.

Two things he did know were that Teri Hatcher, a.k.a. Susan Delfino, was a “Desperate Housewife,” and that Bob Petit was a great basketball player (one of the top five power forwards of all time.)

Good Question!: In 1991, a spoof Nobel prize, call the Ig Nobel prize for achievements that cannot or should not be repeated, was instigated by which US University?

Choices: a. Harvard   b. Yale   c. Stanford   d. Brown

Answer: Harvard

The Ig Nobel Prizes honor achievements that make people LAUGH, and then THINK. The prizes are intended to celebrate the unusual, honor the imaginative — and spur people’s interest in science, medicine, and technology.

Every September, in a gala ceremony in Harvard’s Sanders Theatre, 1100 splendidly eccentric spectators watch the new winners step forward to accept their Prizes. These are physically handed out by genuine (genuinely bemused) Nobel Laureates. Thousands more, around the world, watch the live broadcast online.

The 2019 Ig Nobel Prize for BIOLOGY, for instance, was awarded to Ling-Jun Kong and colleagues for the discovery that dead magnetised cockroaches show different behaviour than living magnetised cockroaches. Nevertheless, this was the first work on characterising the magnetisation dynamics in live insects (Kong et al., 2018).

Another gem of 2019 is the Ig Nobel Prize for CHEMISTRY that went to Shigeru Watanabe and colleagues for estimating how much saliva is produced by a typical five-year-old child per day. It is 500 ml in case you wondered (Watanabe et al., 1995)

Here is my favorite Ig Nobel Pize Winning Achievement In Life Science.

Gains come with pains. If you ever love to go for the sweet honey, be ready to be stung by a busy bee…

The Ig Nobel Prize for outstanding efforts to advance the fields of PHYSIOLOGY and ENTOMOLOGY went to Michael Smith in 2015 who investigated which body part is the most painful when stung by a honey bee. In a sophisticated trial, Michael Smith was repeatedly stung 25 times by honey bees on different locations of his body… the least painful are the skull, the middle toe tip and the upper arm; the most painful are the nostril, yes the nostril (!), the upper lip and the penis shaft. Unbelievably, the author, who was the test subject, self-administered five stings per day (Smith, 2014).

Try this for

5 Hilarious Discoveries from the 2019 Ig Nobel Prize Winners


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Winner (10/15/19): Pluto
then Carol St. Martin, Jacqui, and Sean (with miss Rinn photo bombing)

Pluto guessed a bunch of questions correctly and won tonight’s game by a country mile. Jacqui was a strong second again. She’s due for a win.

Winner (10/08/19): Droppin’ Dave, then Jacqui

Droppin’ led from start to finish, with only Jacqui within shouting distance.

Good Question!: Who is the only non-human to testify before the US Congress?

Choices: a. Kermit   b. R2D2   c. Smokey the Bear   d. Elmo

Answer: Elmo

In April of 2002, at the request and with the assistance of Rep. Duke Cunningham, a Mr. Elmo Monster testified before the Education Appropriations subcommittee in support of funding for music education programs.

In between trying to eat the microphone and interrupting his fellow witness, Elmo engaged in this informative colloquy with subcommitee chair Ralph Regula (R-OH):

Elmo: Please, Congress, help Elmo’s friends find the music in them. I love you, Congress.
Regula: And my grandchildren love you too, Elmo.

Who is Elmo?

A Muppet character on the children’s television show Sesame Street. He is a furry red monster with a falsetto voice, who hosts the last full fifteen-minute segment (five minutes after 2017) on Sesame Street, “Elmo’s World”, which is aimed at toddlers.

the Elmo menace

Fans of Sesame Street have complained that Elmo’s prominent status has caused roles to be greatly reduced for some older characters, such as Oscar the Grouch, Big Bird, Count von Count, Prairie Dawn, Grover, and Cookie Monster. Some fans also blame Elmo for the permanent departure of Kermit the Frog from Sesame Street. Elmo has been referred to as the “Little Red Menace” by Sesame Street traditionalists.

Forget Elmo, my favorite character is Oscar the Grouch.

Only 3 minutes, this SNL Parody of the Grouch as the Joker is awesome:


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Winner: Pluto, then the Driver, and Carol St. Martin

We celebrated Oktoberfest and all things beer this evening, so of course, Pluto won.

It was a rousing celebration, with the finest food and beer served by our favorite Hoffbrau girls – Darin, Tiffany and Daphne, helped by Mike, that guy from the Italian alps.


Good Question!: Each year the second weekend of Oktoberfest is known as?

Choices: a. mid fest   b. gay weekend   c. italian weekend  d. ladies choice

MUNICH, GERMANY – SEPTEMBER 22: Visitors celebrate in a beer tent on the opening day of the 2018 Oktoberfest beer festival on September 22, 2018 in Munich, Germany. The Oktoberfest lasts until October 7 and is the world’s largest beer festival. The beer festival typically draws over six million visitors. (Photo by Alexandra Beier/Getty Images)

Answer: Italian weekend

so that’s why Mike is all dressed up – he was so cute in his lederhosen.

Benvenuti a Oktoberfest!

Traditionally, on the second, middle weekend of the Oktoberfest, the Italians take over the festival tents on the Theresienwiese.

Wave of visitors from Italy for the “Festa d’ottobre”

Italians love the Munich Oktoberfest – or the “Festa d’ottobre”, as they call it. Traditionally, the second weekend of the Wiesn has become established as the “Italian weekend”. Italians arrive from all over Italy and often travel the length of the country to experience the thrill of the Wiesn. Many travel in camper vans, so don’t be surprised if you see Italian campers parked all over the city on Italian weekend. The travel rush often causes traffic jams, to the extent that local radio stations also make traffic announcements in Italian during the second week of Oktoberfest. Many local newspapers welcome Italian guests with a bilingual title page on Italian weekend. According to statistics from the Munich Department of Tourism, Italians make up the majority of foreign visitors to the Wiesn, at almost 20 percent.

Some scenes from Oktoberfest:

MUNICH, GERMANY – SEPTEMBER 22: Waitresses carry beer steins in a beer tent on the opening day of the 2018 Oktoberfest beer festival on September 22, 2018 in Munich, Germany. The Oktoberfest lasts until October 7 and is the world’s largest beer festival. The beer festival typically draws over six million visitors. (Photo by Alexandra Beier/Getty Images)

Young people celebrate the opening of the 185th ‘Oktoberfest’ beer festival in Munich, Germany, Saturday, Sept. 22, 2018. The world’s largest beer festival will be held from Sept. 22 until Oct. 7, 2018. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)

MUNICH, GERMANY – SEPTEMBER 22: A visitor in traditional Bavarian outfit is pictured at the opening day of the 2018 Oktoberfest beer festival on September 22, 2018 in Munich, Germany. The Oktoberfest lasts until October 7 and is the world’s largest beer festival. The beer festival typically draws over six million visitors. (Photo by Alexandra Beier/Getty Images)


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Winner: Deb

“Oh, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive!” (Sir Walter Scott, 1808).

Tonight we had a bit of a brouhaha. Two first time players, Ted and Deb, tied at the end of regulation and Ted then won the short playoff. Deb’s supporters immediately filed a challenge, claiming that on two questions Ted had changed his answer after the answer had been announced. The judges went to the videotape and upheld the challenge. Deb was declared the sole winner and her supporters celebrated with her.

Good Question!: In the 1974 film, the Godfather II, who played the part of Vito Corleone as a young man?

Choices: a. Robert DeNiro   b. Al Pacino   c. Ray Liotta   d. Danny Aiello

Answer: Robert DeNiro

Although De Niro had appeared in films before “The Godfather Part: II,” the project catapulted his career. More hits followed for him, including “Taxi Driver,” “The Deer Hunter” and “Raging Bull.”

The Godfather: Part II was the first sequel to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Marlon Brando and Robert De Niro are the only two actors to ever win separate Oscars for playing the same character. Brando won Best Actor for The Godfather (1972) and De Niro won Best Actor in a Supporting Role for this movie, both in the role of Vito Corleone.

To prepare for his role, Robert De Niro lived in Sicily for three months and spent four months learning to speak the Sicilian dialect. De Niro is one of only six actors to win an Academy Award for a role primarily in a language other than English, since almost all of his dialogue in this film is in the Sicilian dialect of Italian. Let’s hear it for all us Sicilians!

The “Godfather” music, who can forget it.


Sometimes when we look in the mirror we are a little disappointed.

Here are two photos of Michael Corleone that should make you feel better.

For you big “Godfather” fans here are a couple of other clips.

The very young Vito Corleone as he arrives at Ellis island:

For a very authentic “Godfather II” watch this clip in Sicilian:



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Winner: young Dave (aka SchaeferMan)
then Pluto and Carol St. Martin

It has been a long time since young Dave won a game. Much longer and he wouldn’t be young Dave anymore.

Dave had the game in hand, then blew the last question to fall into a 3 way tie. The playoff didn’t last long.

What color did the Rolling Stones use in their famous Tuesday song? You would think this one would be easy for the 2 boomers, but you would be wrong. Only Dave knew it was Ruby Tuesday.

Good Question!: A little less than half the size of Great Britain, what is Europe’s second largest island?

Choices: a. Ireland   b. Scotland   c. Wales   d. Iceland

Answer: Iceland

A number of players have been to both Ireland and Iceland with Main Street Café sponsored trips, so this should have been an easy question. Surprisingly, many players thought Ireland was larger. At 103,000 square km Iceland is about 50% larger than Ireland and close to the size of New York State. We must’ve been fooled by the difference in population, where Ireland is 15 times larger than Iceland.

Iceland is filled with natural wonders. One of the famous spots is The Blue Lagoon, a geothermal spa in southwestern Iceland.

Creatures from the Blue Lagoon.


In this land of Fire and Ice there are more waterfalls than you could imagine, with one more beautiful than the next.

But don’t just take my word for it, check out this wonderful scenic video:


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Winner: Rosebud

then Carol St. Martin, Almond Joy, Chris, Tiff, and Oh, Donna.

A surprise game tonight when the Village cancelled “Family Night” due to bad weather. Neither rain nor wind keeps us from a game.

Rosebud won this one going away. A couple of women newbies at the back table were very enthusiastic all game long and sure enough, they finished tied for third. Their lament: “If only there had been more Justin Bieber questions.”

A beaming Tiffany was back to moderate the game in the absence of Mistress Daphne, who is in Alaska searching for the last of the Polar Bears. Nadia, the mad scientist, and Jonny Appleseed rejoined us after an extended absence. He has been busy helping to build Barry Diller’s futuristic new $250M park on the Hudson River at Pier 55. It’s a fascinating project. You should talk to him about it.

It’s late as Nadia consoles a sleepy Jonny Appleseed on his poor performance.


Good Question!: What was traditionally made by a Chandler?

Choices: a. light bulbs   b. chandeliers   c. candles   d. matchsticks

Answer: candles

“Lighting The Way – A Brief History of Chandlery

Candles in history

Quick, think of an essential skill. A truly vital job, something society can’t do without. It’s very unlikely that you instantly thought of ‘chandler’ as an essential job – but for much of history, it very much was! From the humblest of rural cottages to the grandest of palatial fortresses, everyone relied on candles (and the people who made them) to continue living life after dark.

Tallow Fueled Candles For Centuries

For most of human history, candles were mostly made from tallow fat. In other words, waste material from meat! This meant that historic chandlers would generally have to have a strong stomach, in order to deal with everything that entailed. For easy access to tallow fat, most chandleries would be situated next to tanneries and abattoirs.

Candles in religion

Beeswax was a special option, as candles made from beeswax burned purely and cleanly, with none of the horrible smell. But it took a dizzying amount of beeswax to make a single 4” candle, which meant it was very expensive. For that reason – as well as a symbolic significance – it was mostly used in churches.

Can’t talk about candles without thinking of Elton John’s “Candle in the Wind” and Diana, Princess of Wales.

The Gradual Evolution Chandlery

Thankfully, the usage of tallow declined towards the end of the 17th century. A few alternative materials were even found, like whale blubber. (Oh. We were hoping for something nicer.) Then in the late 19th century, gas lighting arrived, replaced itself by electricity just a few decades later. As a result, most commercial chandlers were basically made redundant, forced to move into other trades.

Today we have moved on from candles which were essentially fat, which gave off a particularly unpleasant smell, to the beautiful scents of our own handmade candles.” (themeltco.com)

and don’t forget: “better to light a single candle than to curse the darkness”

If you always wondered about Medieval candle making here it is:

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