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Posts Tagged ‘tuesday night trivia’

Winner: Elaine, then Alan, Pluto, Rosebud, and Erin

A school holiday week meant we had a full house tonight. 31 players and that didn’t include the group of Marines who had landed in Main Street after a funeral. It was quite loud but that didn’t seem to bother Elaine who played a steady game and barely edged the four players nipping at her heels. Erin played with a table of whiz kids in the back and brought some youth to the winners podium.

Good Question!: What sticky sweetener was traditionally used as an anti-septic ointment for cuts and burns?

Choices: a. aloe   b. crushed sugar cane   c. honey   d. molasses

Answer: honey

This was news to some of us, but maybe it shouldn’t have been.
The medicinal importance of honey has been documented in the world’s oldest medical literatures, and since ancient times it has been known to possess antimicrobial property as well as wound-healing activity.

The ancient Egyptians not only made offerings of honey to their gods, they also used it as an embalming fluid and a dressing for wounds. Today, many people swarm to honey for its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Holistic practitioners consider it one of nature’s best all-around remedies.

The healing property of honey is due to the fact that it offers antibacterial activity, maintains a moist wound condition, and its high viscosity helps to provide a protective barrier to prevent infection.

Dark honey is better

Honey comes in many varieties, depending on the floral source of pollen or nectar gathered and regurgitated by the honey bee upon arrival in the hive. Shop for honey and you’ll see that some are lighter, others are darker. In general, the darker the honey, the better its antibacterial and antioxidant power.

It is important to understand that you cannot go around squeezing regular store bought honey on every wound or infection you encounter. Instead, try using manuka honey, which on top of serving as a healthier edible substitute for regular honey, also possess numerous therapeutic qualities. Medical grade honeys have potent in vitro bactericidal activity against antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing several life-threatening infections to humans. Now that’s sweet.

Never Give Honey to an Infant

Honey is natural and considered harmless for adults. But pediatricians strongly caution against feeding honey to children under 1 year old.

That’s because of the risk of botulism. The spores of the botulism bacteria are found in dust and soil that may make their way into honey. Infants do not have a developed immune system to defend against infection.

“It’s been shown very clearly that honey can give infants botulism,” a paralytic disorder in which the infant must be given anti-toxins and often be placed on a respirator in an intensive care unit. So be careful out there – no honey for infants.

If you wonder how bees make honey, this is a wonderful short video.

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Winner: the Driver, then Pluto, Rosebud, Eric and Tom Twin

The Driver built up a big lead, then pulled his usual foldo and fell into a tie with Pluto. Their play off went a few rounds and was decided when the Driver knew that “Midnight Cowboy” was the only X rated movie to win the best picture Oscar. Pluto protested, said that asking a question about X-rated films was unfair, because that’s the Driver’s specialty.

Tonight marked the return of Tall Paul and Judge Judy who had been in an ashram studying diligently and preparing to come back and win this game. Better get a refund from that ashram, guys. Eric did not win tonight either, but was quite pleased that he finally made the photo for the winner’s podium.

Good Question!: Hurricanes and cyclones have human names because the meteorologist who started naming them, named them after?

Choice’s:
a.his mom’s family  b.his children  c.his neighbors  d.politicians he hated

 

Answer: politicians he hated.

First Hurricane Names

Clement Wragge, Director of the Queensland state meteorological department at the end of the 19th century, is credited with being the first person to systematically name storms after real people.

Describing storms over Australia, New Zealand, and the Arctic, Wragge originally plucked names from Greek and Roman mythology, then moved on to the names of Pacific Island women whose beauty caught his eye.

But when public figures opposed his projects, Wragge tacked their names onto storms, allowing him to take pleasure in reporting certain politicians as “causing great distress,” or “wandering aimlessly about the Pacific.”

After Wragge’s death in 1922, his storm naming system fell into disuse. Storms were instead described by their location or things they hit, leading to names like the 1911 Ship Cyclone and the 1938 New England Hurricane.

Current Hurricane Names

Hurricanes occur every year, and sometimes two or three hurricanes can be active at the same time. Using names for these storms makes it much easier for meteorologists, researchers, emergency response workers, ship captains and citizens to communicate about specific hurricanes and be clearly understood.

For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use. In 1953, the United States began using female names for storms and, by 1979, both male and female names were used to identify storms in the Atlantic basin.

Tropical Storms (Not Hurricanes) are Named

In the Atlantic Ocean, tropical storms that reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour are given a name, such as “Tropical Storm Fran.” If the storm reaches a sustained wind speed of 74 miles per hour, it is called a hurricane – such as “Hurricane Fran.” So, hurricanes are not given names, tropical storms are given names, and they retain their name if they develop into a hurricane.

What happens when a little fishing boat meets a big storm?

 

 

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Winner (3/19): Keith, followed by Peter, and Tom Twin

Last Weeks Winner (3/12): Pluto, followed by Eric, Rosebud, Jacqui, and Bryan.

Tonight’s game (3/19) was tight all the way to the finish – a 3 way play off. Keith held on for the win, and enjoyed beating his buddy Tom Twin for a change.

Tonight we learned that Canada is the country with the largest coastline and that the recent college admissions scandal was labeled “Varsity Blues”- it sure was for some folks.

Good Question!: This state joined 11 other states saying that it would award all its electoral college votes to whichever presidential candidate earns the most popular votes?

Choice’s: a. New York   b. Minnesota   c. California   d. Colorado

 

Answer: Colorado

“The Electoral College is a disaster for democracy.” Donald Trump (2012).

An increasing number of states agree with Trump. Colorado recently joined the National Popular Vote compact to cast all electoral votes for the national popular winner in presidential elections. Colorado’s nine electoral votes will join 10 other states, one commonwealth and one district for a total of 181 electoral votes, 89 votes short of becoming binding.

There have been five United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote and it has happened twice since 2000 – George W. Bush, and Donald Trump.

Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, and George W. Bush,  3 of 5 who managed to attain the highest office in the land despite losing the popular vote.

The presidential obstacle course known as the Electoral College, gives small, rural states a louder voice in the election process, but as more people move to urban areas and the nation’s coasts, that voice has become a shout that drowns out the voices of millions of others. Wyoming, population 586,000 and change, has three electoral votes. California, with a population of 39 million, has 55 electoral votes. Every vote for president in Wyoming carries the weight of 3.6 votes in California, a clear violation of the one-person, one-vote principal.

So why does this happen? Why an Electoral College and not a simple popular vote?

The Electoral College was created for two reasons. The first purpose was to create a buffer between population and the selection of a President. The second as part of the structure of the government that gave extra power to the smaller states.

The first reason that the founders created the Electoral College is hard to understand today. The founding fathers were afraid of direct election to the Presidency. They feared a tyrant could manipulate public opinion and come to power.

Hamilton and the other founders believed that the electors would be able to insure that only a qualified person becomes President. They believed that with the Electoral College no one would be able to manipulate the citizenry. It would act as check on an electorate that might be duped. Hamilton and the other founders did not trust the population to make the right choice. The founders also believed that the Electoral College had the advantage of being a group that met only once and thus could not be manipulated over time by foreign governments or others.

The electoral college is also part of compromises made at the convention to satisfy the small states. Under the system of the Electoral College each state had the same number of electoral votes as they have representative in Congress, thus no state could have less then 3.

In every state but Maine and Nebraska, electors are awarded on a winner-take-all basis. So if a candidate wins a state by even a narrow margin, he or she wins all of the state’s electoral votes. The winner-take-all system is not federally mandated; states are free to allocate their electoral votes as they wish. Following Maine and Nebraska’s system could be the easiest and quickest way to make the Electoral College more representative. Or if you really want your vote for President to count, consider moving to Wyoming.

 

 

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Winner: Valerie, followed by Jacqui, then Deb, BklynGina, and Jake

Always fun when a newbie joins us and wins right off the bat as Val did this evening. Jacqui continued with another strong performance and Brooklyn Gina would’ve beat her SchaeferMan if he had dared to show up.

Mike the moderator took over in Mistress Daphne’s absence. He was a little rusty and stumbled a bit at the beginning – no speed trivia tonight.

Tonight we learned once again that China has only one time zone, requiring all clocks throughout the country to be synchronized with Beijing. Now that makes sense. With no West Coast time zone in this country, you wouldn’t have to watch the World Series at midnight.

Good Question!: What is the most visited monument in the world?

Choices: a. Washington Monument   b. Eiffel Tower   c. Statue of Liberty            d. Lincoln Memorial

Answer: Eiffel Tower

Some of us found this tough to believe. Here’s why. The annual number of tourists visiting Washington DC and Paris are only about 23 million, whereas New York City had 65 million visitors last year. So how could more people end up at the Eiffel Tower than the Statue of Liberty?

Well, it’s true. The Statue of Liberty had only 4.4 million visitors last year, while the Eiffel Tower had over 7 million visitors. Must be that damn ferry is a bottleneck for statue visitors.

Tips For Visiting The Statue of Liberty

Top Tip – Book Early, unless you want to be left on the outside looking in. It’s no fun to travel over to Liberty Island and find that you can’t even get into the base and the museum, no less climb to the crown.

If you know you want to visit the Crown, the Museum or the Pedestal at the Statue of Liberty and have a good idea of when you’re going to visit the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, you should buy a ticket in advance. These tickets have a specific time for arrival at security and by booking in advance, you can secure the access you want for your visit. Yeah, be a man and climb to the crown, just don’t carry your three-year-old nephew like I did.

Advice on Visiting the Statue of Liberty

How to Get Tickets for the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island

Best time to visit

10 Tips For Visiting The Statue of Liberty

Statue of Liberty Visitors Guide

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Winner: Droppin’Dave, then Pluto, and Frank the sports guy, with Mistress Daphne in the picture for a change.

Droppin’ joined us after a long absence and picked up where he left off with a hard fought win. Mistress Daphne also joined us after an absence. She had a week between trans Atlantic crossings and stopped by to moderate the game.

Tonight we learned onions are the vegetables with a very high sugar content, and that the only planet that rotates clockwise is Venus. Who knew?

Good Question! :
How many knights could be seated around King Arthur’s Round Table?

Choices: a. 6   b. 12   c. 24   d. 150

OR

Answer: 150

Well, that was a big surprise, fooled almost everyone. Could that possibly be true?

Everyone has heard of the Knights of the Round Table, but many people are not familiar with any of the Noble Knights save for Lancelot. The Knights were men of courage, honor, dignity, courtesy, and nobleness. They protected ladies and damsels, honored and fought for kings, and undertook dangerous quests.

We know of Arthur, Lancelot, Galahad (Son of Sir Lancelot), and Guinevere, but there were many other characters that were cornerstones to the legends and stories surrounding Camelot, the Round Table, and the Holy Grail.

So how many Knights were there really?
Who the heck knows. Different stories and traditions report different lists of the Knights of the Round Table. Some, like the Winchester Round Table, offer the names of 24 knights while other sources have ranged from 12 to 1600 in reporting the actual number of these Knights. That must have been some table accommodating 1600 Knights!

The Winchester Round Table was created, in imitation of King Arthur’s legends, during the reign of Edward I in 13th century. Edward I was an admirer of Arthurian legends and wanted to revive the chivalric styles of the Arthurian stories.

To that end, he had a table made which housed 24 knights
and the King. The names of the knights were inscribed on the top of the table, all of them being derived from King Arthur’s stories.

Queen Guinevere and Lancelot (where’s the King?)

If the Knights of the Round Table ever existed in real life, it wasn’t in the time of King Arthur. Medieval knights as characterised in Arthurian Legend belong to a period running from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries – the historical King Arthur is placed much earlier, around the fifth century. Nonetheless, the image of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table appeals to the imagination and has become an accepted one, if only in literature and legend.

We could use a hero like Arthur today. A man who was the epitome of good against evil, light against darkness, and that eternal, never-ending struggle between what is right and that which is wrong (and didn’t lie as often as he breathed.)

This movie reimagines King Arthur and his Knights in the fourth century. Historically very inaccurate, but still a good trailer:

 

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Winnner: Pluto, followed by Frank, the sports guy, Jake, and Keith

Tiffany was recruited at the last minute to be the moderator and quiz developer this evening. Turns out that Tiffany, the bartender with a smile, the mom of 2 beautiful little girls, is really a very cruel, heartless person.

She created the most impossibly difficult trivia quiz that anyone had ever seen. Then she told us that she was sorry, that the questions had turned out to be more difficult than she expected. But she said that with a smile on her face, and a laugh in her voice. We didn’t believe her for a minute.

Pluto, who found himself wild ass guessing on almost every question, was lucky enough to guess right on a few questions and win. But Rosebud, always a contender, wasn’t so lucky. She had only 4 right and 16 wrong, and after the game was over just sat there stunned.

Good Question: (not easy to find a good question tonight)

Which insect shorted out an early supercomputer and inspired the term “computer bug”?

Choices: a. moth   b. fly   c.roach   d. Japanese beetle

 

Answer: moth

First a comparison of that first “super computer” versus today’s iPhone.

“And while the ENIAC was a marvel for its time, it was of course a dinosaur by today’s standards. The ENIAC had 17,468 vacuum tubes that blew out every couple of days. It took up 1,800 square feet of warehouse space and weighed more than 25 tons (which is as much as some of the heaviest actual dinosaurs). And for all that, it could execute 5,000 instructions per second. The iPhone 6, weighing in at 4.55 ounces? 25 billion instructions per second.”

Now for the Moth story.

“It’s an oft-repeated tale that the grand dame of military computing, computer scientist and U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Grace Hopper, coined the terms bug and debug after an incident involving Harvard University’s Mark II calculator.

The story goes like this:

On September 9, 1945, a Harvard technical team looked at Panel F and found something unusual between points in Relay 70. It was a moth, which they promptly removed and taped in the log book. Grace Hopper added the caption “First actual case of bug being found,” and that’s the first time anyone used the word bug to describe a computer glitch. Naturally, the term debugging followed.

Yes, it’s an oft-repeated tale, but it’s got more bugs in it than Relay 70 probably ever had.

For one thing, Harvard’s Mark II came online in summer of 1947, two years after the date attributed to this story. For another thing, you don’t use a line like “First actual case of bug being found” if the term bug isn’t already in common use. The comment doesn’t make sense in that context, except as an example of engineer humor. And although Grace Hopper often talked about the moth in the relay, she did not make the discovery or the log entry.

The core facts of the story are true — including the date of September 9 and time of 15:45 hours — but that’s not how this meaning of the word bug appeared in the dictionary. Inventors and engineers had been talking about bugs for more than a century before the moth in the relay incident. Even Thomas Edison used the word.

Here’s an extract of a letter he wrote in 1878 to Theodore Puskas, as cited in The Yale Book of Quotations (2006):

‘Bugs’ — as such little faults and difficulties are called — show themselves and months of intense watching, study and labor are requisite before commercial success or failure is certainly reached.

Word nerds trace the word bug to an old term for a monster — it’s a word that has survived in obscure terms like bugaboo and bugbear and in a mangled form in the word boogeyman.” (computerworld)

When I think of a buggy computer I always think of HAL in 2001:

 

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Winners: Team TP – Tom Twin & Paula

2nd Place: Team Nutporters – they hear no evil, speak no evil.

Changed the format tonight, played with three person teams. Except for Tom Twin and Paula, who couldn’t find a third to join them. Well, they didn’t need anyone’s help. Their mastery of corporate logos and it’s bonus points put them over the top.They must watch a lot of commercials. Team Nutporters thought they were a dream team. Turns out they weren’t.

Tonight was the annual regifting night. A lot of broken hearts for some folks when the gift they selected and treasured was taken from them. Wait until next year.

Good Question!: What color do you get if you mix all of the light colors together?

Choices: a. brown   b. white   black   d. yellow

Answer: white

This stuff is complicated.

A simulated example of additive color mixing. Additive primaries act as sources of light. The standard red, green, and blue combine pairwise to produce the additive secondaries cyan, magenta, and yellow. Combining all three primaries (center) produces yellow and white.

And now a bit of subtractive mixing, used in mixing paint (not light)

Combining all three primaries (center) absorbs all the light, resulting in black. For real pigments, the results would be somewhat complicated by opacity and mixing behavior, and in practice adding a fourth pigment such as black may be helpful.

White Light

White light is a uniform mixture of all visible light. Natural light, like sunlight is considered to be white light and contains the entire visible spectrum. Pure white light contains all the colors of the rainbow.

Most things do not give out their own light. We see them because they reflect light from the Sun. To the eye, white daylight is a mixture of red, green and blue. Most things look colored in daylight because they reflect only some colors and absorb the rest. In other words, they subtract colors from white.

In white light:
A red cloth reflects red light but absorbs green and blue.
A yellow cloth reflects red and green light but absorb blue.
A white cloth reflects red, green and blue. It absorbs no colors.
A black cloth reflects virtually no light. It absorbs red, green and blue.

 

 

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